Writing an Abstract for a Research Paper

An abstract for fellow researchers

Abstracts for research papers play a crucial role in explaining the study succinctly and quickly to fellow researchers and journal editors and prompt them to read further and understand the paper. With the proliferation of online publications, writing a good abstract is of great importance compared to the days of hard copy journals. The purpose of the research abstract is to market your work, and thus it is similar to the executive summary.

Points to consider before writing an abstract

Before you write, choose the abstract you want to write. All academic abstracts ought to provide a summary of your study. However, there are two basic types of abstracts, namely:

  • Descriptive abstract indicates the kind of information found in a paper by explaining the objective, purpose, and methods used in the paper, excluding the results and conclusion. It is between 100 to 200 words in size.
  • Informative abstract: This is a compressed rendition of the paper that sums up each part of the examination paper. It incorporates results and goes about as a substitute to the analysis or exploration itself.

They also apply to long and technical research.

Requirements and guidelines for research abstract

Like any other professional writing, writing a research abstract, the author needs to follow the laid down procedure and meet the journal editors’ requirements. As an author, you should stick to conventions applicable to journal publication to get due consideration for publication. Journal publishers have specific demands about structure and formatting. The following are concerns addressed in the journal guidelines.

  • The minimum and maximum words
  • The formatting and style requirements
  • Suitable abstract type
  • Particular content or rules for the structure 

Identify the target readership

The objective of a research abstract is to lead readers to read the full research paper. For scientific journals, abstracts are the entry point that allows readers to decide if the research is appropriate to their study or interests. At a glance, abstracts allow readers to understand the arguments quickly. While writing your abstracts, consider the following points:

  1. Whether researchers in the field are the target of the study
  2. Whether the study will be helpful to the general public
  3. Whether research results include implications offered in the abstract. 

Structure of a research paper abstract

  • Identify the motivation and purpose: Begin your abstract by outlining the reason audience should read your research paper and the significance to the field of study and the world in general.
  • Clearly explain the problem you are attempting to address: It is essential to state the problem which the research seeks to address. You can join the motivation and problem section. However, for clarity and good organization, it is better to separate the two.
  • Discuss the approach: Once you establish the research significance, the study’s motivation, and the specific problems the paper seeks to address, it is time to address how you progressed in solving the problem.
  • Summarize the results: Provide a brief of the results of your study. Do not make use of vague qualitative terms such as tremendous, small, or very. Instead, make use of quantitative terms like numbers, figures, and percentages.
  • State the conclusions: In the last section of the abstract, give a short statement explaining the study’s limitations and implications. Link this statement to the results of the study and not to your area of study in general.

Writing an Analytical Research Paper

Many students tend to run away from this version of writing because they think it has too much research and giving evidence. Writing an analytical research paper is necessary because it ends up making a section of tasks complete. For most articles that are mostly documented with a thesis, reference/ source, the work must have an evaluation, and finally writing down whatever findings the writer is willing to undertake. Before one gets to that level of writing, consider certain factors before one writes anything, and these things include;

Before one writes, you must know what you are writing about, and in their case, we have to define what Analytical Paper Research is, and as for me, this is a paper that has an analysis of subjects or topics. The “How” question is usually asked so much in the aspect of this research, so this research paper answers such a question.

Tips on writing a good paper

There are ways of writing an excellent analytical research paper, and this is bound to the fact that if these tips aren’t followed, a written report might flop.

One must understand the question he or she is answering; besides that, the writer must accept that research is wholly done before anything else.

Focusing on the topic and finding a substantial amount of evidence is better than telling fallacies.

Starting an analytical research paper

In every report or research finding, one must formulate an outline that will guide him on what and how to go about doing his or her work.

There has to be an introduction that will shine a brief light on the research paper, then the body that will tell the reader everything about what he or she ought to know, and the conclusion that is a summary of all the topics, findings, and then hit the nail on the top.

Structure of an Analytical research paper

A research topic is successfully written and formulated very well, and this includes the introduction, the body, and the conclusion. Still, apart from that, the grammar has to be right, the punctuations have to be accurate. One also has to take a side when it comes to writing analytically, which helps your readers know where you stand as an author.

For one’s work to have an analytical structure, there has to be a paragraph left for reporting and refutation. Every decision taken should have a basis on individual feelings as for claims, they should be valid and true.

When one reaches the Conclusive part, he or she should be able to reflect on the thesis, after that, be able to write in a way that the reader realizes that the writer is concluding so that he can be able to run thoughts of what side he or she is taking. To prove that you did your research, refer your readers to do more findings and then tell them a few sights or pages they can get information from

Conclusion

In the end, we all write our research papers. But what is going to stand out, have we followed the tips? Have I been able to do enough research? What about my evidence, is my analytical bit of the writing worth reading? If all these questions are correctly answered, one can boast that he wrote an excellent Analytical Research Paper.

Writing a Successful Research Paper

In almost all academic research papers, two keywords evoke anxiety. This article explains the steps for writing a successful research paper. 

Research proposal Vs. research paper

Though the writing process is the same, the research proposal (prospectus) from the research paper is different. The goal of the research paper is to demonstrate a student’s academic knowledge of the subject matter. On the other hand, a research proposal is persuasive material meant to convince the audience of the research project’s worth. A research paper is a finished product, while the research proposal is to work in progress.  

Explore the research process.

The research procedure is an essential first step since it uses useful in the following ways:

  1. To comprehend the subject
  2. To formulate ideas for the research paper
  3. Create a thesis statement
  4. Speak on the topic with authority 

The following are areas where one can gather research materials:

  • Google Scholar
  • Newspapers
  • Government reports, guides, and publications
  • Periodicals and books
  • Online databases, almanacs, and encyclopedias 

Take notes of useful information while you are reading. Besides, keep watch of reference materials so that you can use them to build your bibliography. 

Plan before you begin to write

All research work is a product of many ideas. Planning is critical to any writing and, indeed, to research papers. Without planning, you will spend a lot of time in revision and even lack focus.

  • Thesis Statement

A sentence gives a summary of the main points of the paper in addition to previewing the supporting points. The thesis statement guides readers at the start of the paper by informing them of the critical idea and support ideas. The end of the introductory paragraph usually contains a thesis statement. A thesis statement is useful since every point or argument should support it. Research papers exist in three groups, namely: argumentative, expository, or analytical.  

  • The Outline

An outline is useful in organizing your ideas before you begin the writing process. Once you have composed the thesis statement, think of the key points to support this statement. Fashion the critical points as subheadings, and then have your points under these subheadings.

How to write a research paper

Writing a research paper is energizing and inspiring since you have already organized your ideas and have a clear direction. The following are components of a research paper:

  • Introduction

The introduction section captures the context and background for your research paper. Since it is the starting section, compose solid opening statements that will keep readers engaged. You do not need to be boring when writing a scholarly research paper. You should explain the aim of your paper and an outline of how you want to approach it.

  • The Body

When writing the body of your research paper, the outline comes in handy. The purpose of the outline is to keep you focused and on track. The development of your research paper may evolve; however, remember to be focussed on the thesis statement and include points that prove and support the thesis statement. Do not allow your sources to plan your paper.

  • Conclusion

The conclusion is the section that allows you to wrap up your paper. The majority of research papers finish by restating their thesis statements. Then support it with a summary of the key points that you have argued in the paper. If need takes a minute to highlight why you think the topic needs further research and suggest possible research areas.

How to Get 150 Research Paper Topics in 2020

People make the mistake of saying that the most difficult aspect of writing a paper is how to start. But if there is no topic, how do you start on an empty platform? Simple logic follows that the most difficult aspect of writing a paper is the selection of the topic.

Getting the right topic will involve producing the right topic from scratch which will be based on your area of interest or alternatively you might seek help through several online sources. There are pre-assembled lists that you can easily draw inspiration from and choose from the list the topic that most inspires you.

If you are to start from scratch, the following tips will be of useful help:

Your Interests

The research work is not a day’s affair. You will be with it for months and the reason why you are to choose a topic that you are passionate about. When you have a list of ideas as topics, narrow it down to the one that you are most passionate about and make sure your topic of interest is not too narrow.

The Info

When you are considering a topic, before you make a final decision, make sure you check the info on the subject because you are going to need to write a compelling paper. If the info on the topic is too narrow, it is best to look the other way if you are to achieve the ultimate best that you are entitled to in your academic report.

The Research Question

This is yet another area that is supposed to look into; there are three approaches to formulating the research question and just one of them will do. The research question can be any of:  

  • Comparative: You are going to look into the similarities and differences which exist between two or more entities.
  • Casual: You are to investigate the effects that altering a variable has on other existing variables. The target is to suggest a casual relationship at the end of the day. 
  • Descriptive: This is the careful and detailed observation of a phenomenon event with the object of dissecting it in full detail.

How can we obtain an excellent research paper topic? 

  • The focus: There should be a concrete focus on the investigation. It should be seen to be clear enough to be understood by the readers
  • Originality: The area of the research should be virgin- something that no one has previously worked on.
  • Useful: The research topic should be one that is going to serve a definite purpose
  • Relevant: The topic should be one that is relevant to the needs of the society at that point in time
  • Trending: The topic must be one that is trending because of its novelty and its unexplored potentials. 

The topics are online

Having this far and noted all that is required to get the topic and do justice to the topic of your choice, it is important to note that you can read 150 of such topics online. Picking on any one of them will be pretty easy if the tips above are followed.

Final take

Getting the right topic will not come easy without doing the needful that was stated above. If all the requirements stated above are followed to the letter; you are going to get the best results on offer.

How to Execute a Reaction Paper

Everything that you needed to write a reaction is included in this article. This paper requires your personal opinion to be demonstrated and reflected in your paper. A conclusion regarding the main purpose of your paper will be required. You have to bring your thoughts and opinions to the table; this is the main task involved in this paper and we have you covered through the analysis that we shall be described below.

Tips on how to write a reaction paper

The main task is not to impress your tutor on the fluidity of your ability to write the paper; rather it is to show how good you are at analyzing the situation and how best you can put your thought processes on paper. The paper is expected to be divided into some few parts as follows:

The first part is the introductory part of your essay where you are expected to provide information about the topic and the author of the work that you are examining. It is a good idea if you can create a draft of the paper before you move into writing the draft of your paper. While direct quotations are allowed and normal, you are required to keep your focus on the source given by your tutor

The second part is the area where you are expected to state your own opinion based on what you have gotten through the main source in dealing with the problem at hand. You are expected to discuss the topic and express your ideas here. Extract the main problem and keep your focus on it. 

If there are equal level subjects to be discussed, take your time to address each of them separately and give each of them the attention and focus that they deserved. Take the main problem to the reality of things in modern society. Take the solid points out of your main source and compare it with your views.

Helpful hints

  • Go through your source carefully and take note of the major points and ideas and if possible memorize them
  • Write down all the main ideas in the source
  • Form a thesis with a single sentence which you are to expand in the body of the paper.
  • Other sources can be used to compare your ideas and reactions.

Avoid the following mistakes

  • Do not summarize your source. Your opinion is needed based on the content of your source
  • Avoid the use of examples that have no bearing on the main topic and examples that are not reliable.
  • Do not shy away from conflict with the opinion of the author

Outline of the paper

The reaction paper like other academic papers consists of three main parts: Introduction; body and conclusion. The list of citations and sources are also included in the mix. The introductory part is perhaps the most important part of the exercise. This is the first thing your reader sees and you have to make the desired impressions there. 

Final take

Some tricky moments might come up during writing the essay. You can consult online help in case the need arises for such.

Complete Guide on how to Write a Term Paper

You are expected to follow an outline while writing your term paper and it will act as the guide who you are going to follow to conclude your research work. You are expected to follow a definite guide in your write-up. Do not be in any haste in writing your term paper; you need to take your time to think about your main points and fashion out a way to get the best out of the paper. We shall go into the full details of what you need to write a term paper. We have got you completely covered through this article. Enjoy.

  • Get ready for long research hours

It is a must to research if you want to get the best results. Students who go straight into writing without research are taking a wrong step which will not lead them to the desired destination. Be prepared for research. 

  • Create your outline

You are advised to create an outline of your own because it will give you the magic wand that you need to be in perfect control of your paper. You will end up with a smooth work that puts your work in chronological order.

  • Your Introduction

It is required that you come up with a compelling introduction to your work. You have to present something that will get your readers hooked here. A brilliant introduction will make your reader read through your entire work from start to finish. 

  • Avoid ambiguous words

Nothing kills your term paper more than fluff words. This should be avoided because there is no room for such in academic writing. What you are writing is a formal academic work and should contain only relevant stuff.

  • Conclusion

This is as important as your introduction. Your conclusion should be powerful and highly impactful. A bright way of doing this is to follow the ROCC method. You have to end with a powerful call to action that will make the impact on your readers.

  • The citation style

While writing your term paper, you are expected to follow a formatting style. It is strongly advised that you follow the MLA or the APA style of formatting. This will be a wise decision that will give you the best results that mattered in your term paper. 

  • Proofread Your Work

It is necessary that you proofread your content to correct errors of expression that might occur during the process of writing. You can give it your friends or family members that are in a position to offer useful tips on your choice of words and grammar. You are going to lose some valuable marks if you fail to proofread your work.

Final take

You cannot neglect your term paper because it forms part of your final grades. If you fail to do it right, you are going to get poor grades that will not be in your favor at the end of the day. But if you follow the tips above; you are going to come up with something great that will earn you the high grades of your dream,